V JESUS CHRIST
THE SON OF GOD AND SON OF MAN
Article aT 1991 &1997
Chapter 1; The word soul with respect to the original Bible languages.
Chapter 2; Considers soul and spirit.
Chapter 3; Understanding the physical (material) and spiritual parts of a living person,
Chapter 4; Understanding what sin consists of.
Chapter 5; Man's sinfulness.
Chapter 6; How man's sinfulness relates to his flesh and spirit.
Chapter 7; Different words the Bible uses to denote man's sinfulness.
Chapter 8; How man is delivered from his sinfulness.
M Chapter 9; Christ's existence before coming to earth (Christ's preexistence).
M Chapter 10; Where Christ's flesh and spirit originated from.
M Chapter 11; Christ coming in the flesh, and the Word being made flesh. ?
V Chapter 12; The constitution of Christ's body as born from Mary, and before His resurrection.
Chapter 13; Christ's resurrection as compared to man's resurrection,
Chapter 14; Further considers Christ's body as born from Mary, taking into account 1 Pet 1:18-19.
Chapter 15; The importance of the sacrifice of Christ as compared to all other sacrifices.
V Chapter 16; Christ's connection to man (the human family).
Chapter 17; Christ's connection to Mary, Joseph, the family of David, and the tribe of Juda.
Many Scriptures speak of Christ as being the "Son of God" and many Scriptures speak of Christ as being the "Son of man". Jesus often in speaking of God, called God His Father. Jesus in speaking of God used the term "my Father" around 45 times. Jesus also in speaking of God and of Himself, often used the terms "the Father" and "the Son" (note 12 verses record such). Yet only 5 times did Christ in speaking of Himself use the wording "Son of God". Concerning the term "son of man" within the four Gospels Christ called Himself the "Son of man" around 80 times! (Note all the above is given with respect to the King James Version).
Following are several Scriptures which reveal the importance of believing that Christ is the Son of God;
(1 John 2:22-23) "Who is a liar but he that denieth that Jesus is the Christ? He is antichrist, that denieth the Father and the Son. Whosoever denieth the Son, the same hath not the Father: ..."
(1 John 4:15) "Whosoever shall confess that Jesus is the Son of God, God dwelleth in him, and he in God."
(John 3:17-18) "For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved. He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God."
V Christ the "Son of God" in coming to the earth as the "Son of man" encountered a body of flesh. A fundamental topic of the New Testament and much writing therein, pertains to Christ as a result of having a body of flesh, encountering experiences like to man's experiences. Many Scriptures which are given toward the end of this writing pertain to such.
Following are several Scriptures which reveal the importance of believing that Christ came in a body of flesh;
(1 John 4:2-3) "Hereby know ye the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesseth that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God: And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that spirit of antichrist, whereof ye have heard that it should come; and even now already is it in the world."
(2 John 1:7&9) "For many deceivers are entered into the world, who confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh. This is a deceiver and an antichrist... ...Whosoever transgresseth, and abideth not in the doctrine of Christ, hath not God. He that abideth in the doctrine of Christ, he hath both the Father and the Son."
Apostle Paul uses the term "principles of the doctrine of Christ" in Hebrews 6:1. Although Paul's writings and other Scriptures give many instructions on various principles of the doctrine of Christ, Paul yet says, "And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory." (1 Tim 3:16).
Prophet Isaiah said "Whom shall he teach knowledge? and whom shall he make to understand doctrine? ...For precept must be upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little:" (Isaiah 28:9-10). The writer has endeavored to rightly divide the words of truth and endeavored to attain a proper understanding of Christ, as being both the "Son of God" and "Son of man", by using precept upon precept, line upon line, and learning a little from here and a little from there.
The writer has endeavored to give the reader many Scriptural and solid reasons for those views (beliefs) he encourages herein. It has been the writers aim and endeavor to make the reader clearly see things for himself, rather than to merely tell the reader what he thinks. In considering some issues and topics, many Scriptures and aspects are considered, thus reading herein will often take carefulness and concentration, or the point which the writer is endeavoring to reveal may be totally missed. Yet the writer has earnestly endeavored to write in a way that is easy to be understood.
This writing includes numerous subjects, yet the writer has intended to include only those subjects which in some way are informative in understanding Christ's body (flesh) and Christ's Spirit (Christ's Spiritual person).
This writing is divided into two sections. The first section is entitled "Concerning Christ's Body" while the second section is entitled "Concerning Christ's Spirit And Nature (Christ's spiritual Person)".
Note, the small letters and numbers given at the bottom right of most every paragraph are provided as a means to identify each paragraph, and to easily refer from one part of this writing to another. The two letters aT are this writing's letter code and distinguish this writing from other writings. Concerning the paragraph numbers, the first number identifies the chapter in which the paragraph is found, and the second number identifies where the paragraph is found within the chapter. Because of deleting paragraphs and adding paragraphs and other complications, sometimes a number may be missing and at times a fractional (decimal) number may be used, yet all the paragraph numbers correspond with the order of the paragraphs in the writing. An index is included at the back of this writing.
Concerning Christ's Body
Considers The Word "Soul" With
Regard To The Original Bible Languages.
Since the Old Testament originally was written in Hebrew and the New Testament in Greek, the Hebrew and Greek words from which the word "soul" is translated will be considered in this chapter (note the Hebrew and Greek languages are quite often referred to in the Bible). The following information pertains to the original Bible languages as compared to "King James Version" translation of the Bible. aT-1:1 The word "soul" (including the word "souls") is used 478 times in the Old Testament, and 58 times in the New Testament. Out of the 478 times the word soul(s) appears in the Old Testament, with the exception of 2 times, it is always translated from the same Hebrew word. All 58 times the word soul(s) appears in the New Testament, it is translated from the same Greek word. Often English words in the "King James Version" are translated from various Hebrew and Greek words, and it is very rare the that same Hebrew or Greek word is always underlying or behind an English word (such as in the case of the word "soul"). The Hebrew word that underlies the word soul(s) is Hebrew word number 5315 (Strong's number as used in Strong's Exhaustive Concordance as well as many Bible reference books). The Greek word underlying the word soul(s) is Greek word number 5590 (Strong's number). aT-1:2
These Hebrew and Greek words, which underlie the word "soul", have very broad meanings and often are translated into words other than the word "soul(s)". More than 250 times in the Old Testament the Hebrew word 5315 (Hebrew word soul) is translated into words other than the word soul(s). More than 40 times the Greek word 5590 (Greek word soul) is translated into words other than the word soul(s). The Hebrew word 5315 and Greek Word 5590 generally denote life (vitality). It is interesting to note that around 1/3 of the times the English word "life" appears in the old Testament. the Hebrew word soul (5315) underlies the English word "life". It is also interesting to note that around 1/3 of the times the English word "life" appears in the four New Testament Gospels, the Greek word soul (5590) also underlies the English word "life". aT-1:3
The writer was very surprised at the verses and situations wherein the Hebrew word 5315 (Hebrew word soul) is used (note in these verses the Hebrew word 5315 is not translated into the English word soul(s). The writer also was surprised at the definitions given by Hebrew and Greek Lexicons (dictionaries) for the Hebrew and Greek words which underlie the word "soul(s)". aT-1:4
Although both the Hebrew and English word soul pertains to the life of mankind, yet in many scriptures as given below, the Hebrew word soul (5315), also pertains to the life in animals. Although the Hebrew word soul (5315) often pertains to the life of animals as well as mankind, one should not take such to mean that animals are an eternal being as is man. aT-1:5
Following are numerous verses inwhich the Hebrew word soul (5315) is used in speaking of animal life (note in these verses, the Hebrew word soul (5315) is translated into words other than the word soul(s), also note the English word forth coming from the Hebrew word soul is printed in dark print); aT-1:6
(Gen 1:21), "And God created great whales, and every living creature [soul] that moveth, which the waters brought forth abundantly, after their kind, and every winged fowl after his kind: and God saw that it was good". aT-1:7
(Gen 1:24), "And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature [soul] after his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was so". aT-1:8
(Gen 2:19), "And out of the ground the Lord God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam called every living creature [soul], that was the name thereof". aT-1:9
(Gen 9:10), "And with every living creature [soul] that is with you, of the fowl, of the cattle, and of every beast of the earth with you; from all that go out of the ark, to every beast of the earth". aT-1:10
(Gen 9:12&15&16), within each of these three verses, in like manner as above, the Hebrew word soul (5315) is translated into the word creature instead of soul. aT-1:11
(Gen 9:4), "But flesh with the life [soul] thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall ye not eat". aT-1:12
(Lev 11:10), "And all that have not fins and scales in the seas, and in the rivers, of all that move in the waters, and of any living thing [soul] which is in the waters, thy shall be an abomination unto you: " aT-1:13
(Lev 11:46) "This is the law of the beasts, and of the fowl, and of every living creature [soul] that moveth in the waters, and of every creature [soul] that creepeth upon the earth". aT-1:14
(Pro 12:10), "A righteous man regardeth the life [soul] of his beast: but the tender mercies of the wicked are cruel" aT-1:15
(Rev 8:9), This verse which involves Greek rather than Hebrew, using the Greek word soul (5590), also appears to speak of the life in animals reading, "And the third part of the creatures which were in the sea, and had life [soul], died; and the third part of the ships were destroyed". aT-1:16
Although the "King James version" normally does not use the English word soul in speaking of animal life, yet in both Old and New Testament scriptures as follow, it appears the English word soul is used with regard to animal life; aT-1:17
7 "But ask now the beasts, and they shall teach thee; and the fowls of the air, and they shall tell thee: aT-1:18
8 Or speak to the earth, and it shall teach thee! and the fishes of the sea shall declare unto thee. aT-1:19
9 who knoweth not in all these that the hand of the Lord hath wrought this? aT-1:20
10 In whose hand is the soul of every living thing, and the breath of all mankind" (Job 12:7-10). aT-1:21
Note the phrase "In whose hand is the soul of every living thing" quite clearly refers to the animal life spoke of in the previous verses 7-8. Also note how the first part of verse 10 seems to be speaking of a different form of life, than does the last part of the verse which is speaking of man. aT-1:22
(Rev 16:3), "And the second angel poured out his vial upon the sea; and it became as the blood of a dead man; and every living soul died in the sea" aT-1:23
The definition for the Old Testament Hebrew word 5315 which underlies the word soul (as given by Strong's Hebrew Lexicon) is; "a breathing creature, i.e. animal or (abstr.) vitality; used very widely in a lit., accommodated or fig. sense (bodily or mental)". aT-1:24
The definition for the New Testament Greek word 5590 which underlies the word soul (as given by Strong's Greek Lexicon) is; "breath, i.e. (by impl.) spirit, abstr. or concr. (the animal sentient principle only; thus distinguished on the one hand from G4151, which is the rational and immortal soul; and on the other from G2222, which is mere vitality, even of plants: these terms thus exactly correspond respectively to the Heb H5315, H7307 and H2416):" Note how the definition for Greek word 5590 is very much the same as the Hebrew word 5315 and pertains to that life or vitality which has breath, including animal life and human life. Note the Greek word 4151 which also pertains to life and vitality, differs from Greek word 5590 in that it pertains more strictly a intelligent and immortal form of life such a is man. This Greek word 4151 which pertains more strictly to a rational and immortal form of life, underlies the English word Spirit. aT-1:25
In the case of the Hebrew word soul (5315) being a synonym with two distinct definitions of which one meaning would pertain to a temporal form of life (animal) and the other meaning strictly would pertain to a eternal and immortal form of life (man), one should consider that by the Hebrew word 5315 alone (of it's self), one could not know when this word is used if it means a mortal form of life or means an immortal form of life. Thus it is clear that through the Scriptures merely stating that man has as a soul (5315) one cannot know or learn that man is an eternal being. Yet it is clear that the scriptures often speak of the soul of man as being an eternal form of life. Concerning the Greek word 5590 the same principles pertain to it as revealed in this paragraph. aT-1:26
Although it is clear that the Hebrew and Greek word from which the word "soul" is translated, does not mean strictly an immortal form of life, yet the word "soul" in English, according to Webster's dictionary, strictly does pertain to an immortal and rational (reasoning) form of life, such as the life of man. Thus when one reads the word "soul" in the Bible he can in no way be assured that the author of that Scripture strictly was denoting that which the Webster's dictionary defines the word "soul" to mean. It appears to the writer that the complication's of the word "soul" when compared with the Hebrew and Greek is quite an unusual complication. aT-1:27
Considers How Soul And Spirit Relate
In this chapter the word "soul" will be considered with regard to the definition of the Hebrew and Greek words that underlie it, rather than Webster's definition, as such will provide a more accurate view of the word "soul" as it compares with the word "spirit". It is important, as one reads this chapter, to remember that the word "soul" herein denotes the "Hebrew or Greek word soul" rather than the English Webster's dictionary word "soul". aT-2:1
Although the Hebrew word soul (5315) and the English word soul differ as they do, concerning the word "spirit", the Webster's dictionary definition for the word "spirit", is largely the same as the definition for the Hebrew and Greek words which underlie it. aT-2:2
This chapter reveals that many Scriptures to a large extent use the words soul and spirit to denote the same element. This chapter contains five groups of Scriptures which use the words soul and spirit largely in an interchangeable manner. This chapter also reveals how some Scriptures yet use the word soul differently than the word spirit. The words "soul and spirit" both are most often used by the Scriptures to denote life or vitality. aT-2:3
(Group one) Both Words (soul and spirit) Denoting Human Life aT-2:4
In the following Scriptures, the words soul and spirit are used in speaking of that life within man; aT-2:5
Examples of Word soul
(Job 27:8), For what is the hope of the hypocrite, though he hath gained, when God taketh away his soul?". aT-2:6
(1 Kings 17:21-22), "And. he stretched himself upon the child three times, and cried unto the Lord, and said, O Lord my God, I pray thee, let this child's soul come into him again. And the Lord heard the voice of Elijah; and the soul of the child came into him again, and he revived" aT-2:7
(Luke 12:20) "But God said unto him, Thou fool, this night thy soul shall be required of thee: than whose shall those things be, which thou hast provided?" aT-2:8
Examples of the Word Spirit
(Luke 8:54-55), "And he put them all out, and took her by the hand, and called, saying, Maid, arise. And her spirit came again, and she arose straightway: and he commanded to give her meat". aT-2:9
(James 2:26), "For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also". Numerous other Scriptures wherein the word "spirit" is used to denote life in man, are given in paragraphs aT-3:3